environment pollution issue

Our country is getting polluted on a massive extent. Industries and various factories are throwing waste and thus pollution is increasing day by day. It had become very difficult to stop this pollution. So, the government has launched Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in order to stop this pollution and to encourage people to involve in environment-friendly activities. This Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched on 2 October 2014. But along with this Swachh Bharat Abhiyan government has taken series of steps to control and stop the pollution. In this article, we are going to discuss his steps that the government has taken. So, what are you waiting for? Let’s get started.

The Clean Ganga Mission:

Our current prime minister Mr. Narendra Modi has started a Clean Ganga Mission. We all know the river, “Ganga” has an important position in Hindu culture but the pollution is deteriorating the purity of the Ganga. So, to decrease this pollution prime minister has launched the Clean Ganga Mission.

You may be interested in knowing the objectives of the Clean Ganga Mission:

  • To clean the entire river by encouraging all the people who are living near Ganga along with government authorities.
  • The second objective of this Clean Ganga Mission is that to clean all the surrounding area of the Ganga river.
  • To aware people not to throw plastic bags or any plastic material in the Ganga.

This mission is in practice since 2014 and the response of the local people to this mission is quite outstanding.

First Toilets then Temples

Millions of people in India living in rural areas still defecate in the open area. Those who are economically weak don’t have proper toilets in their house. So, it has become a need to build the toilets for those economically weak people. In Hindi, Mr. Narendra Modi said: “Pehle Shauchalaya, PhirDevalaya. The meaning of is that first build toilets for the needy people and then build temples. A recent report had revealed that more 20 to 30 million people defecate in open areas and more than 200 million people don’t have toilets in their homes. So, the government has taken a step toward building public toilets. In some cases, government authorities also build the toilets for the individual family. This campaign that government is implementing is very important as it is saving millions of lives across the country.

Do you know “Mann Ki Baat”? Our Prime Minister has also started the radio program, “Mann Ki Baat” where he communicates and conveys his message to all the people of India. On this radio program, Mr. Narendra Modi had talked about the importance of the campaign, “First Toilets then Temples”. This campaign has become one of the most successful campaigns that are being launched by Indian Government. In just five years, the government has built more than 5 million public toilets as well as toilets for the individual families. E-toilet is the new term that government has introduced.


Have you ever heard about the NAQI? Well, NAQI stands for National Air Quality Index. It was launched in 2015. As per the name National Air Quality Index, this index gives the quality of air in different cities of India. This index is currently for only 10 cities in India. All the technology of NAQI is monitored by the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur.

You may be interested in knowing what is the main of work of NAQI?

The NAQI always checks the quality of air in different cities daily. If the air in a particular city is very polluted then, NAQI will transfer this information to the central government. Recently, in Delhi, the air was polluted to a larger extent and it had become difficult to just roam in the Delhi. Here, NAQI had determined the quality of this air.

Cleanliness campaigns:

The government has started many cleanliness drives under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. By taking inspiration from Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, the Indian military has started the Mount Everest Cleaning program. The aim of this Mount Everest Cleaning drive is to collect 4000 Kg of waste and plastic material from the Mount Everest. It is not that easy to implement this campaign on the Mount Everest due to unfavourable climatic conditions but the Indian military is giving its best to make this campaign a successful event.

The people don’t aware of the effects that will occur when they throw plastic or any other waste material in the open environment.

The involvement of the youth in this cleanliness drives is really notable. The students from Bhor Engineering College, Pune had taken an excellent step towards waste management.

Various TV celebrities, Bollywood stars are promoting green energy campaigns to compel people to participate in this noble act.

Conservation of water:

Water is the most important natural resource and water is life for all of us. But the growing industrialization is destroying the marine life. Industries throw toxic chemicals which ruins the life of marine animals. A recent report has stated that if the plastic is not collected from seas till 2050 then all the animals that are living in seas will go extinct. Along with animals, not a single pant will survive in seas. So, the government has taken several initiatives to stop the water pollution. Several laws are formed by the government on the water pollution. Industries are categorized according to the quantity of waste they are throwing in the rivers. The central government has formed a team of officers to monitor the quantity of polluted water in the water bodies like lakes, rivers, etc. The industries are categorized into Red, Orange, Green, White and H divisions. The function of the team of the officers is to check the quality of water time to time and take strict actions against industries.

In this article, we have discussed various steps taken by the government to reduce the pollution. If you are the part of such campaigns then, don’t hold back yourself from sharing this article and thus spreading awareness.